BC Marine Conservation Analysis

DescriptionThe British Columbia Marine Conservation Analysis (BCMCA) (2006-2013) provides resource managers, scientists, decision-makers, and those with a vested interest in the marine environment with resources to inform marine planning and management initiatives. The BCMCA products provide a rich set of maps illustrating ecological resources and human uses in the marine environment and provide examples of areas of high conservation and areas important to human use in Canada’s Pacific Ocean including the Marine Atlas of Pacific Canada and A Series of Marxan Scenarios for Pacific Canada. Their website provides links to maps and data, Marxan analysis, an interactive atlas and BCMCA’s document library.

Key Wordsconservation, marine planning, maps, Marxan, Pacific Canada

Lead Organization BC Marine Conservation Analysis
Regional Focus  Kitimat-Stikine, Skeena/Queen Charlotte, Central Coast
Status  Complete
Website  bcmca.ca
Primary Contact  bcmca.ca/contact-us
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B.C. Shale Scenario Tool: Model and technical report

Description: The Pembina Institute, with modelling support from Navius Research, developed this scenario-planning tool to better understand the environmental impacts of proposed LNG terminals along BC’s coast. In particular, the tool allows users to explore the potential implications of different levels of LNG and shale gas development, different source basins for the gas, and different technologies and practices designed to limit environmental impacts. Updates and adding functionality of the tool to happen over time. See the website for more information and a video instructional manual for an overview of how to use the tool.

Key Words: Industry, LNG, monitoring, tool

Lead Organization Pembina Institute
Regional Focus Stikine, Kitimat-Stikine, Skeena-Queen Charlotte, Central Coast
Status On-going
Website www.pembina.org/pub/BCShaleTool
Primary Contact www.pembina.org/contact-us
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Cumulative Effects British Columbia SeaSketch Project

Description: Cumulative effects models and the data used to develop these models (i.e. habitats, and stressors) have been embedded into a GeoDesign application called SeaSketch. Using a standard web browser, users may sketch prospective management zones, increase or decrease stressor inputs, calculate the average cumulative effect score, and compare this to the original model. In doing so, users are simulating how prospective management actions might change the cumulative effects of human activities within a defined area.

Key Words: GeoDesign, management, model, tool

Lead Organizations World Wildlife Fund (WWF) Canada and the University of California Santa Barbara
Regional Focus BC coastline out to 200 nautical miles, Stikine, Kitimat-Stikine, Skeena-Queen Charlotte, Central Coast
Status On-going
Website cebc.seasketch.org
Primary Contact Will McClintock,  will@ucsb.edu,  805-893-8782
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The Cumulative Impacts Research Consortium (CIRC)

Description: The UNBC Cumulative Impacts Research Consortium (CIRC) brings together diverse perspectives from across northern BC to research the cumulative impacts of natural resource development. Through ongoing research and community engagement, CIRC seeks to inclusively integrate environmental, community, and health perspectives into a broad and holistic understanding of resource development across northern BC that considers the near and long-term impacts on communities and their regional environments.

Key Words: Northern BC, cumulative impacts, resource development, environment, health, community, integrative

Lead Organization  The Cumulative Impacts Research Consortium (CIRC)
Regional Focus Stikine, Northern-Rockies, Peace River, Kitimat-Stikine, Skeena-Queen Charlotte, Bulkley-Nechako, Fraser-Fort George, Cariboo
Status  On-going
Website  www.unbc.ca/cumulative-impacts
Primary Contact  www.unbc.ca/cumulative-impacts/contact
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Gas Gone Wild – LNG in BC: Impacts on Parks, Wilderness & Wildlife

DescriptionIn 2014, the Canadian Parks and Wilderness Society – BC Chapter (CPAWS-BC) outlined the potential impacts of proposed liquefied natural gas (LNG) pipelines in northern B.C. on wilderness values in a report titled “Gas Gone Wild – LNG in BC: Impacts on Parks, Wilderness & Wildlife”. The report focuses on the potential impacts of five proposed pipelines as identified by the provincial government. Main findings include: clearing of entirely new right-of-ways, fragmentation of habitat including grizzly bear populations, opening up of provincial parks to development, and additional effects on parks and protected areas.

Key Words:  impacts, LNG, northern BC, wilderness, wildlife, provincial government

Additional Resourceswww.cpawsbc.org/upload/lng-report-2014.pdf

Lead Organization  Canadian Parks and Wilderness Society
Regional Focus  Kitimat-Stikine, Peace, Bulkley-Nechako, Fraser-Fort George
Status  Complete
Website cpawsbc.org/campaigns/oil-and-gas
Primary Contact Peter Wood, Terrestrial Campaigns Director, CPAWS-BC

E: peter@cpawsbc.org    P: (604) 685 7445 Ext. 22

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Health and Medical Services Plan Best Management Guide for Industrial Camps

Description: This Northern Health guide is intended to help industry better understand the expectations of on-site services, and describe the types of health care needs that industry can anticipate at industrial camps. Additionally, it provides information on the level of detail that should be included in an effective Health and Medical Services Plan.

Key Words: Government, health, industry, work camps

Additional Resources: northernhealth.ca/Portals/0/Your_Health/Programs/Public%20Health/OfficeHealthResourceDevelopment/2015-03-HMSP.pdf

Lead Organization Northern Health
Regional Focus Stikine, Northern Rockies, Peace River, Fraser-Fort George, Bulkley-Nechako, Kitimat-Stikine, Skeena-Queen Charlotte
Status Complete
Website northernhealth.ca/YourHealth/PublicHealth/OfficeofHealthandResourceDevelopment.aspx
Primary Contact Office of Health and Resource Development

Resource.development@northernhealth.ca,  250 645 6367

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Kitimat Airshed Assessment

Description: In October 2013, the Government of British Columbia commissioned an independent assessment of the Kitimat Airshed to help inform regulatory and policy development for future industrial activity in the Kitimat area. The assessment looked at the cumulative effects on both human health and the environment from four proposed LNG facilities, Rio Tinto Alcan’s aluminum smelter and its planned modernization, a proposed oil refinery, the BC Hydro gas turbine powered electrical generation facilities, and the predicted increase to marine shipping in Douglas Channel. See the website for the full report and power point presentation.

Key Words: Air, aluminum smelter, BC Hydro, Douglas Channel, government, health, industry, LNG

Lead Organization Government of British Columbia
Regional Focus Kitimat-Stikine
Status Complete
Website www.bcairquality.ca/airsheds/kitimat-airshed-assessment.html
Primary Contact www2.gov.bc.ca/gov/content/home/contact-us
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Lakelse Watershed Stewards Society

Description: The Lakelse Watershed Stewards Society is a non-profit organization that collaboratively works on issues affecting the Lake and its surrounding watershed, including water quality, impacts and finding balance between industry and ecosystems, the drastic decline in the Sockeye salmon populations, and agricultural, recreational and residential development and sedimentation. Partners include the BC Ministry of Environment and BC Parks, Fisheries and Oceans Canada. See their website for various resources and project information.

Key Words: Fish, industry, Lakelse Lake, non-profit, salmon, water

Regional Focus Kitimat-Stikine, Skeena-Queen Charlotte
Status On-going
Website lakelsewatershedsociety.com/#top
Primary Contact lakelsewatershedsociety.com/contact-us
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LNG in Northern BC

Description: Northwest Institute and SkeenaWild Conservation Trust have teamed up to provide information that will help northerners understand the influx of proposed gas expansion in northern BC and what the industry means for northern communities. The website is maintained to provide impartial information and updates about proposed liquefied natural gas (LNG) development in the northern part of the province and act as a portal to learn more about LNG in northern BC.

Key Words: LNG, northern BC, development, updates, Northwest Institute, SkeenaWild Conservation Trust

Lead Organization Northwest Institute, SkeenaWild Conservation Trust
Regional Focus Bulkley-Nechako, Fraser-Fort George, Kitimat-Stikine, Northern Rockies, Peace River, Skeena-Queen Charlotte, Stikine
Status  On-going
Website lnginnorthernbc.ca
Primary Contact  lnginnorthernbc.ca/index.php/about-us/contact-us
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Marine Plan Partnership for the North Pacific Coast (MaPP)

Description: The MaPP initiative is a partnership between the Province of BC and 17 member First Nations, and uses the best available science and local knowledge to develop four sub-regional plans, and a regional action framework. These plans provide recommendations for key areas of marine management, including uses, activities, and protection, and to inform decision-making. See their website for more information and resources.

Key Words: First Nations, management, marine, non-profit, water

Regional Focus Kitimat-Stikine, Skeena-Queen Charlotte
Status On-going
Website mappocean.org
Primary Contact mappocean.org/contact-us
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Marine Protected Area Network – BC Northern Shelf

Description: Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) work towards the sustainability of the world’s oceans and address the need to mitigate the impact of multiple stressors to marine environments. Similar to terrestrial protected areas, they are used to protect critical habitat, recover endangered species, enhance local and regional fishing stocks, maintain cultural values and preserve recreational opportunities. The Government of Canada, the Province of British Columbia and 17 First Nations have worked together to develop an MPA network in the Northern Shelf Bioregion (top of Vancouver Island – Quadra Island/Bute Inlet – north to Canada/Alaska border). This website includes links to the MPA planning process, highlighting tools used such as MARXAN (decision support software for conservation planning) and SeaSketch (spatial planning software for oceans).

In 2014, the Canada-British Columbia Marine Protected Area Network Strategy was devised. Consistent with the National Framework for Canada’s Network of Marine Protected Areas, the strategy outlines network goals and principles for a coast-wide system of MPAs to help guide MPA establishment and regional planning initiatives. It identifies ecological, social, economic and cultural design principles for the creation of effective, functional networks in B.C.

Key Words:  Marine protection, conservation, sustainability, First Nations, federal government, provincial government, framework, strategy

Additional Resources:

Canada-British Columbia Marine Protected Area Network Strategy:  www.for.gov.bc.ca/tasb/slrp/pdf/ENG_BC_MPA_LOWRES.pdf

MARXAN: http://marxan.net

SeaSketch: www.seasketch.org/home.html

Lead Organization  MPA Network
Regional Focus  Kitimat-Stikine, Skeena/Queen Charlotte, Central Coast
Status On-going
Website  mpanetwork.ca/bcnorthernshelf
Primary Contact  mpanetwork.ca/bcnorthernshelf/contact
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Northwest Institute for Bioregional Research

Description: The Northwest Institute for Bioregional Research was founded in 1996 by a number of north-west First Nations and environmental leaders along with scientists. The institute seeks to undertake research and the publication of educational information about conservation and environmentally sound, sustainable uses of natural resources, promote cooperation within and among communities in the region, and to initiate model projects in the fields of education and conservation. Brochures, reports and project details can be found on their website.

Key Words: Education, non-profit, research

Regional Focus Stikine, Kitimat-Stikine, Skeena-Queen Charlotte
Status On-going
Website northwestinstitute.ca
Primary Contact northwestinstitute.ca/index.php/contact
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Northwest Invasive Plant Council

Description: The Northwest Invasive Plant Council (NWIPC) is a not-for-profit organization that provides support and coordination for those involved in the various aspects of invasive plant management, including awareness, inventory, treatments, and assessment. The NWIPC has a management plan that is updated yearly to prioritize actions to effectively manage invasive plants. Their website provides links to resources, publications, plans, and other information.

Key Words: Invasive plants, management, non-profit,

Regional Focus Stikine, Kitimat-Stikine, Skeena-Queen Charlotte, Bulkley-Nechako, Fraser-Fort George
Status On-going
Website nwipc.org
Primary Contact nwipc.org/contact
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Omineca Beetle Action Coalition (OBAC) Ignite the North Project

Description: Ignite the North is an initiative initially funded by the Omineca Beetle Action Coalition (OBAC), aimed at fostering and encouraging entrepreneurial innovation in the north, for the north. The project hosted 10 events, taking place in Vanderhoof, Fort St. James, Fraser Lake, Burns Lake, Houston, Smithers (including Telkwa), McBride, Valemount, Mackenzie, and Prince George. Ignite the North hopes to inspire the next generation of innovators, initiating conversations on entrepreneurship, out of the box thinking, collaboration, and education. See the website for more details about the program.

Key Words: Business, education, entrepreneurship, innovation, tool

Lead Organization Ignite the North
Regional Focus Stikine, Kitimat-Stikine, Skeena-Queen Charlotte, Bulkley-Nechako, Fraser-Fort George, Peace River, Northern Rockies
Status Complete
Website www.ignitethenorth.com
Primary Contact www.ignitethenorth.com/contact
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The Pacific North Coast Integrated Management Area (PNCIMA) Initiative

DescriptionThe PNCIMA initiative’s aim is to engage all interested and affected parties in the collaborative development and implementation of an integrated management plan to ensure a healthy, safe and prosperous ocean area. PNCIMA stretches from Canada’s northern border with Alaska south to Bute Inlet on the mainland, across to Campbell River on the east side of Vancouver Island and the Brooks Peninsula on the west side of Vancouver Island. The PNCIMA has developed a plan that is high level and strategic, providing direction on and commitment to integrated, ecosystem-based and adaptive management of marine activities and resources in the planning area. The PNCIMA website includes a link to the 2017 plan as well as comprehensive information towards marine planning including plan development, implementation, valued ecosystem and socio-economic components and case studies.

The Atlas of the Pacific North Coast Integrated Management Area is a reference document comprised of a large selection of maps and accompanying text relevant to the PNCIMA planning process. It includes maps displaying information relevant to the geographical context, communities, physical oceanography, hydrology, ecology, commercial fisheries, recreation and tourism, aquaculture, energy, forestry, point source pollution and marine transportation in the area.

Key Words: ocean management plan, ecosystem, marine, socio-economic, atlas, maps

Additional Resourceshttp://www.pncima.org/media/documents/atlas/pncima-atlas_print_online.pdf

Lead Organization  Pacific North Coast Integrated Management Area (PNCIMA)
Regional Focus  Kitimat-Stikine, Skeena/Queen Charlotte, Central Coast
Status  On-going
Website  www.pncima.org
Primary Contact www.pncima.org/site/contact-us.html
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Pacific North Coast Integrated Management Area Document Library

DescriptionThe Pacific North Coast Integrated Management Area (PNCIMA) initiative’s aim is to engage all interested and affected parties in the collaborative development and implementation of an integrated management plan to ensure a healthy, safe and prosperous ocean area. PNCIMA stretches from Canada’s northern border with Alaska south to Bute Inlet on the mainland, across to Campbell River on the east side of Vancouver Island and the Brooks Peninsula on the west side of Vancouver Island. Their website includes a document library consisting of PNCIMA publications, government reports and articles, First Nations publications, related federal policy and legislation, and stakeholder publications broadly related to integrated marine ecosystem management.

Key Words: ocean management plan, ecosystem, library, government, First Nations, legislation, publications

Lead Organization  Pacific North Coast Integrated Management Area (PNCIMA)
Regional Focus  Kitimat-Stikine, Skeena/Queen Charlotte, Central Coast
Status On-going
Website www.pncima.org/site/about-pncima/document-library.html
Primary Contact www.pncima.org/site/contact-us.html
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Pollution Tracker

Description: Pollutiontracker.org is a new pollution monitoring tool documenting levels and trends of contaminants in sediment and mussels along the coast of British Columbia. Samples were collected in partnership with First Nations, community groups, port authorities and government agencies. The site includes an interactive map to view contaminants per study area including comprehensive data and findings. Phase 1 of PollutionTracker provides a high-quality coast-wide baseline dataset while Phase 2 (expected completion in 2018) will expand spatial coverage and temporal trend analysis.

Key Words:  Pollution, coast, analysis, contaminant, baseline data

Additional Resourceshttp://pollutiontracker.org

Lead Organization Ocean Wise
Regional Focus Central Coast, Kitimat-Stikine, Skeena-Queen Charlotte
Status On-going
Website ocean.org
Primary Contact pollutiontracker.org/contact
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Position on the Environment as a Context for Health: An Integrated Settings Approach

Description: This paper outlines the position of Northern Health regarding the environment as a context for health. Health is tied to social, economic and personal development and these can be determined by the setting where we live, work, learn and play. This paper highlights that these settings are embedded in the physical environment. The full report can be viewed through the link below.

Key Words: Health, research

Addtional Resources: northernhealth.ca/Portals/0/About/PositionPapers/documents/EnvironmentContext%20Health_V2_20120725_WEB.pdf

Lead Organization Northern Health
Regional Focus Stikine, Northern Rockies, Peace River, Fraser-Fort George, Bulkley-Nechako, Kitimat-Stikine, Skeena-Queen Charlotte
Status Complete
Website northernhealth.ca
Primary Contact northernhealth.ca/ContactUs.aspx
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Regional Strategic Environmental Assessment for Northern British Columbia: The Case and the Opportunity

Description: This report proposes the use of Regional Strategic Environmental Assessment as a tool to address issues with current environmental assessment, including widespread lack of faith in the provincial and federal governments to adequately manage cumulative effects, reactive processes, and the feeling of alienation from meaningful input on behalf of residents. This approach reverses the project-by-project approach to environmental assessment by providing residents the opportunity to imagine the future they want for their land and communities based on shared values, and then measuring individual projects against this vision.

Key Words: Environmental Assessment (EA), government, industry, management, research, tool

Lead Organizations West Coast Environmental Law, Northwest Institute for Bioregional Research
Regional Focus Stikine, Northern Rockies, Peace River, Kitimat-Stikine, Skeena-Queen Charlotte, Bulkley-Nechako, Fraser-Fort George, Cariboo
Status Complete
Website wcel.org/resources/publication/regional-strategic-environmental-assessment-northern-british-columbia-case-and
Primary Contact wcel.org/about-us/contact-us
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Skeena Knowledge Trust

Description: The purpose of the Skeena Knowledge Trust is to become a comprehensive source of data on wild Pacific salmonids in the Skeena Watershed, including water quality, habitat and population information. The project consists of establishing the Trust Entity, which will develop and manage a comprehensive data warehouse and catalogue of salmonid related information, focused on the Skeena Watershed. The project is being developed in two stages: the development of the Trust Agreement and the data warehousing and catalogue. The data warehouse and catalogue is being developed in parallel to the Trust Agreement and is currently in the integration and testing phase.

Key Words: Fish, Pacific, salmon, Skeena watershed, water

Lead Organizations SkeenaWild Conservation Trust, Pacific Salmon Foundation, Bulkley Valley Research Centre, and the Province of British Columbia.
Regional Focus Skeena-Queen Charlotte, Kitimat-Stikine
Status On-going
Website skeenatrust.ca
Primary Contact skeenatrust.ca/contact
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Skeena River Estuary Assessment: Technical Report

Description: The Skeena River Estuary Assessment Technical Report details the methods used to assess the condition of the Skeena River estuary from the perspective of salmon. The report includes a review of regional and international estuary assessments and the approaches used, a description of the methods used for each assessment, a summary of data gaps and monitoring needs, and recommendations for future monitoring in the Skeena estuary. The complimentary document is the Skeena River Estuary – A Snapshot of Current Status and Condition.

Key Words: Assessment, fish, juvenile salmon, indicators, Skeena River, water

Additional Resources: http://skeenasalmonprogram.ca/library/lib_433/

Lead Organization Pacific Salmon Foundation
Regional Focus Skeena-Queen Charlotte, Kitimat-Stikine
Status Complete
Website skeenasalmonprogram.ca
Primary Contact skeena@psf.ca,   604-664-7664
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Standard Working Group Comments and Recommendations for Provincial Environmental Assessments in Northern British Columbia

Description: This document summarizes the working group comments made by Northern Health for projects in the region, and allowing their interests and recommendations to be incorporated in the Environmental Assessment (EA) process. Information is intended for the identification, evaluation, and management of adverse effects under the “health” pillar of EA, but includes other factors since health is strongly influenced by the other pillars.

Key Words: Environmental Assessment (EA), health, management, Northern Health, valued components

Additional Resources: https://northernhealth.ca/Portals/0/Your_Health/Programs/Public%20Health/OfficeHealthResourceDevelopment/2015-04-29-NH-EAStandardComments.pdf

Lead Organization Northern Health
Regional Focus Stikine, Northern Rockies, Peace River, Fraser-Fort George, Bulkley-Nechako, Kitimat-Stikine, Skeena-Queen Charlotte
Status Complete
Website northernhealth.ca/YourHealth/PublicHealth/OfficeofHealthandResourceDevelopment.aspx
Primary Contact Resource.development@northernhealth.ca

250 645 6367

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State of the North Report – 2018

Description: The State of the North Development Trust released a ‘State of the North’ economic report in January 2018. The report focuses on northern British Columbia and provides data and statistics on key economic indicators such as GDP, unemployment rate and infrastructure investment. It has been designed as a tool to serve communities, businesses and not-for-profits.

Key Words:  Northern BC, economy, data, statistics

Additional Resourceshttps://www.northerndevelopment.bc.ca/wp-content/uploads/2018/01/NDIT-SoTN-Report-Final.pdf

Lead Organization Northern Development Initiative Trust
Regional Focus Bulkley-Nechako, Cariboo, Central Coast, Fraser-Fort George, Kitimat Stikine, Northern Rockies, Peace River, Skeena-Queen Charlotte
Status Complete
Website northerndevelopment.bc.ca
Primary Contact northerndevelopment.bc.ca/about/contact-us
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Summary Report on Community Toolkits Addressing Socio-Economic and Health Impacts from Natural Resource Development Relevant to Northern BC

DescriptionIn 2015, Northern Health conducted a review of community toolkits, guides and summary articles on the socio-economic and health impacts, best management practices and mitigations for natural resource development projects relevant to Northern British Columbia. The following summary report was created to assess and summarize existing community tools available to address these impacts with the purpose to highlight information that can be tailored to the Northern BC context.

Key Words:  Socio-economic impacts, health impacts, community impacts, natural resource development, Northern BC

Additional Resources: https://northernhealth.ca/Portals/0/Your_Health/Programs/Public%20Health/OfficeHealthResourceDevelopment/SummaryofCommunityToolkits.pdf

Lead Organization  Northern Health
Regional Focus  Bulkley-Nechako, Fraser-Fort George, Kitimat-Stikine, Northern Rockies, Peace River, Skeena-Queen Charlotte, Stikine
Status  Complete
Website  northernhealth.ca
Primary Contact northernhealth.ca/ContactUs.aspx
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Understanding Resource and Community Development in Northern British Columbia

Description: This Northern Health report provides a background to understand the historical overview of resource and community development in Northern BC. Based on recent observations, the paper outlines where we are now in terms of resource and community development, the different cycles of resource industries, the current profile of changing population and transient workforces, and begins to make connections for health care services planning. Understanding the context for changing demographics and fluctuations in population in Northern BC related to resource development will assist Northern Health in providing better health care.

Key Words: Community development, government, health, history, industry, resource development

Additional Resources: https://northernhealth.ca/Portals/0/About/PositionPapers/documents/IndustrialCamps_P2_ResouceCommDevel_WEB.pdf

Lead Organization Northern Health
Regional Focus Stikine, Northern Rockies, Peace River, Fraser-Fort George, Bulkley-Nechako, Kitimat-Stikine, Skeena-Queen Charlotte
Status Complete
Website northernhealth.ca
Primary Contact resource.development@northernhealth.ca,   250 645 6367
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